Here’s an activity I put together for my World Geography students, who are currently completing an outcome that asks them to analyze issues countries face when population growth rates decline significantly. This situation is called the birth dearth, and is becoming more and more common in developed or highly globalized countries, but will also be experienced by emerging economies in the coming decades.
This activity scaffolds analytical skills and starts with the lowest level of learning, or knowledge, which is addressed through students finding the definitions of key terminology requires for a discussion of population implosion. From here, they delve a little deeper and explore how quality of life may be affected in countries with low fertility rates (i.e., changing family structures, aging populations, labour shortages, etc.).
This is where the activity gets fun: students are given three sources and are asked to interpret the sources to determine predicted population problems for the province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The idea here, as question number 3 shows, is that students should determine the consequences of declining birth rates on quality of life. Once they have completed this, they are asked to use the knowledge they have gained thus far to suggest possible responses to these population problems. Finally, they should select one of these responses that they feel would be the most effective and justify this choice with a reasoned argument.
I think that these are the kinds of tasks that challenge students and require more than rote memorization of content. Such tasks build critical thinking and problem-solving skills, which should be at the root of any social studies curriculum. These kinds of skills, through a task such as this activity, can be easily transferred to a test or exam format.